In the last century rural water management has focused almost exclusively for irrigation - where crops were the lack of water and drainage - if the land affected by excess moisture.
Specialists in the field, from countries at different stages of development have had and still have different views regarding the development of water resources and water management.
As a result, early in the present century, have diversified and globalized a series of actions and programs that central direction the water - water for life, water for human development, water for human health and the environment.
United Nations - United Nations adopted the decade 2005-2015 to be the "International Decade for Action Water for Life", which is currently underway.
International Executive Committee of the International Commission on Irrigation and Drainage - IEC - looked ICID meeting in Sacramento - USA, September 2007, directions for a better management of water in rural areas leading to flood risk reduction, protection people, crops, animals and the environment.
More recently, in the context of the 5th World Water Forum, in Ankara - Turkey, in 2009, was subject to debate and analysis, the Conference of Ministers, a broad theme and importance to the future of the planet and humanity, that has to do with water, including its management.
• Global changes and water risk management products.
• Advanced development.
• managing and protecting water resources and supply systems.
water to satisfy human and environmental.
• structures and leadership and management issues.
• Financing the water sector.
• Education and knowledge.
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Integrated Water Resources Management
The concept of integrated water management
Integrated water resources management promotes
development and coordination of water, land and their resources,
to optimize social development and balanced economic
without compromising the sustainability of ecosystems.
Development policies can not be effective without taking into
consideration of water resources.
The concept of integrated water resources management
implies, in contrast to traditional resource management
water, their integrated approach to both physically and technically and
level planning and management. The level of integration is
basin, forming a natural unit of water resources.
The most important aspects of system development resources
-- Physical aspects of sustainability - which means keeping
natural flow of water and nutrients;
-- Environment sustainability - "zero tolerance" for pollution that
exceeds the capacity of environmental self-purification. No
long-term effects or irreversible effects on the environment;
-- Social sustainability - the maintenance and water requirements
desire aresurselor insurance payment of water services;
-- Economic sustainability - economic support measures
providing a high standard of living in terms of
water for all citizens;
-- Institutional sustainability - the ability to maintain
plan, manage and operate the water system.
Sustainable management of water resources is based on
Integrated management ensures the delivery of their
water resources system to meet the objectives of the present
society without compromising the ability of the system to meet
objectives of future generations, while maintaining a clean environment.
Integrated water resources management involves:
1) Integration of natural water resources
Natural water resources system that is represented by
hydrological cycle and its components: precipitation, evaporation,
surface runoff and groundwater flow. Maintaining balance
hydrological and relations between its components, is based on
biophysical linkages between forests, land and water resources in a +
basin, and is essential for sustainable use
rnaturale reusurselor water system.
2) Integrating resource management infrastructure
water in natural capital.
Achieving the water infrastructure
"Friendly" to the environment that would ensure the optimal supply
Water uses and reduce the risk of flooding and
enhancing biodiversity conservation and aquatic ecosystems.
3) Integration of water use
public water supply, industry and agriculture and
conservation of aquatic ecosystems are addressed in a sectoral
traditional. Most uses of water resources require water
increasing quantities of high quality and very good. Solving
water-resource equation and requirements of water resource protection
requires analysis at the catchment scale uses.
Water resources management requires the involvement of all
stakeholders - public and private - at all levels and
portivit time. Management decisions and actions
integrated water resources must be taken by all those who may be
affected most appropriate at the appropriate level (Principle
4) Inclusion of the upstream - downstream
Upstream land use rights must recognize
downstream uses of water resources on the use of good
quality and sufficient quantity. Excessive pollution resources
the downstream water uses. This requires dialogue
to reconcile the needs of upstream and downstream uses.
5) Integrate water resources planning policies
Water is one of the basic elements of life and
while one factor that makes social and
economic, often a limiting factor. Society and economy
can develop only so far as it will develop and
water management, this conditioning scoring role and
importance of the work in the context of sustainable development.
Integrated management of water resources is based on
accordance with the provisions of the EU Framework Directive 2000/60
European River Basin Management Plan. Based on
knowledge status of water bodies, the plan sets out objectives
target for six years and put on the river basin
measures to achieve good water status for use
their sustainable. Please protect the environment and water resources for a ecological green future.
We promote research for the production of water engines
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